When to take probiotics: The science
The bacteria in your fridge and in your food may not be exactly what you think, according to research.
A recent study found that people who take probiotic supplements for 12 months or more had higher levels of the antibiotic clostridium difficile in their blood than those who did not.
But the researchers said that the results are not conclusive, since the results do not necessarily mean that taking probiotics is linked to a higher risk of getting a case of C. difficiles.
And while there may be other factors that influence how your body processes food, the fact that you might have a probiotic supplement in your gut might still be telling.
“It’s not conclusive,” said study co-author Dr. Jonathan Hsu, a microbiologist at Boston Children’s Hospital.
But Hsu said it is important to keep in mind that probiotics can boost a person’s immune system, which is an important defense against C. Difficiles and other infections.
“I would say the best thing to do is avoid probiotic supplementation if you have a history of C difficilias,” he said.
The results also were not conclusive for people who did take probiotes for 12 to 24 months, which are typically taken as a preventive measure.
But, Hsu added, it would be prudent to talk to your doctor about whether probiotics are safe.
The National Institutes of Health estimates that there are about 1.6 million people in the U.S. with C.
Difficile infection, with the most common strains found in people with chronic conditions such as asthma, obesity, and diabetes.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that adults and young children over the age of 18 take probifed antibiotics.
For children, it recommends that parents take probi-lent or probiotic-based vitamins and supplements.
A number of studies have also found that probiotic intake improves overall health and quality of life.
A 2014 review published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases looked at the impact of probiotic consumption on the immune system of more than 4,000 people, including people who were taking probiotic capsules or tablets for two months or longer.
Those who took probiotic tablets reported significantly higher levels the following year than those on the other end of the spectrum.
Researchers said the findings showed that probiote use could have an impact on the body’s immune response, even after 12 months.
People with C diff are more likely to have symptoms of the infection, including fever, fatigue, weight loss, and an increased risk of developing the disease.
The most recent CDC guidelines for probiotic use also recommend that people be tested for C diff after taking them.
In a separate study published last year, the U,S.
Food and Drug Administration reported that people taking probiotics or probiotics containing an amino acid known as Lactobacillus rhamnosus L., or L. rhamnose, were at lower risk of becoming C diff carriers.
But there is not enough data yet to say if the probiotic might be protective, or whether the benefits outweigh the risks.
The researchers in the new study did not have a control group of people who had never taken probiotics.
But they did have a large group of patients who had C diff and those who had had a probiotic treatment or who had not had a treatment.
And the researchers also looked at patients who were receiving probiotics at baseline and at 12 and 24 months.
They found that those who received probiotics had a higher overall risk of C-diff infection, which meant they had an increased likelihood of developing a C-disease.
The study found the most effective probiotic treatment, as recommended by the CDC, was L. reuteri, which contains probiotics with the Lacto-Bruxellaceae group.
That group includes Lactococcus lactis, which has been shown to be the bacteria that causes diarrhea and colitis.
“There’s a clear relationship between probiotics and C diff,” Hsu explained.
The authors of the new paper, which was published in Clinical Infectious Disease, said that a more extensive follow-up study is needed to confirm that the beneficial effect of probiotics on C diff infection is sustained at 12 months and beyond.
They also noted that the research team did not include a placebo control group, which could make it harder to see whether probiotic therapy led to better outcomes.
“What this study tells us is that it is not sufficient to know that probionic supplementation reduces the risk of acquiring C diff, but it is enough to know whether it might reduce the risk,” Hsueh said.